Excess gum tissue can make the teeth appear smaller and limit the amount of natural tooth exposure. For those who are concerned about whether or not they have more gum than teeth showing, a dentist can examine their smiles and measure the gum-to-tooth ratio. If more than 2-3 millimeters of gum tissue shows when they smile, that’s an indicator that they may have excess gum exposure.
Sometimes this can also draw more attention to those who suffer from tooth misalignment or asymmetrical teeth. It could even bring more attention to decaying teeth. Fortunately, there are multiple solutions for those who would like to eliminate the amount of visible gum tissue that shows when they smile.
Genetics could be the reason why some people have more gum tissue showing than others when they smile. Genetics may affect the size of an individual’s upper lip, tooth size, and muscles around the mouth. Other causes include teeth not erupting completely and properly, having a narrow upper lip, having an over-active lip, or the front teeth growing in longer than usual. Poor oral hygiene can also cause the gums to swell up and over-extend, making the teeth look smaller.
Gum specialists, or periodontists, often work with dentists to create the best plan for eliminating excess gum tissue. Often times periodontists will use minimally invasive procedures to alter the appearance of the gums, or they may perform lip repositioning procedures that slightly alter the lip structure in order to decrease gum exposure.
One of the most cost-effective procedures is a gingivectomy, which is quick, minimally invasive, and produces excellent results. Patients are usually put under local anesthetics as dental professionals remove about one millimeter or more of gum tissue with a scalpel. The depth of the cul-de-sac around the teeth determines whether this procedure is the most appropriate solution, or whether an alternative solution is necessary.
Another option for removing excess gum tissue is the esthetic crown lengthening procedure. For those who are self-conscious about having more gum tissue show than teeth, this procedure can boost self-confidence and make individuals more eager to show off their beautiful smiles.
At McBride Dental, we offer cosmetic dentistry services for individuals who would like to fix their teeth and attain the confident smile of their dreams. Our services not only enhance the beauty of the teeth, but they also improve the look, function, and health of the teeth. Some of our services include composite dental fillings, MTM clear aligner, one-day dental veneers, teeth whitening, dental implants, full and partial dentures, and more.
For those interested in ridding of their gummy smiles or in need of any other dental procedure, we can evaluate your teeth and determine which solution best suits your needs. If you are in the San Diego area and would like to schedule an appointment with us, call our office today at 760-471-1003. We are eager to help you obtain the smile you desire.