Smoking for extended periods of time can be detrimental to one’s health, especially to the mouth, gums, and teeth. Some of the issues that smoking causes are tooth staining, gum disease, and mouth cancer. The nicotine and tar in the tobacco is what causes the teeth to stain and turn yellow very quickly. After a few years of consistently smoking cigarettes, the teeth can appear more of a brownish color.
Excessive smoking can also lead to gum disease because more bacterial plaque is likely to build up since there is a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream, which prevents the gums from healing. Therefore, smokers tend to have worsening gum disease than people who don’t smoke. Studies have shown that smokers who smoke less than half a pack of cigarettes per day are almost three times more likely than non-smokers to develop periodontitis, and those who smoke more than that are six times more likely, which is a drastic difference. When periodontitis is left untreated, tooth loss is a possibility.
At McBride Dental, our deep cleanings help prevent those affected by periodontal diseases from experiencing bone and gum tissue loss. However, if an individual still decides to smoke post-treatment, then the effectiveness of the treatment decreases. Because cigarette smoke contains 4,800 chemicals, once they’re inhaled and travel through the lungs and into every cell of the body, the body is unable to defend itself from them. In turn, nutrients and oxygen don’t get delivered to the gingival tissue, which is why the treatment becomes ineffective.
Because of all of the chemicals contained in cigarettes, smoking multiple times per day for years could eventually lead to mouth cancer, which kills thousands of people every year.
Chewing and sucking tobacco can still contribute to gum disease or worse. Because there are still thousands of chemicals contained in smokeless tobacco, regular users could lose the bone surrounding their teeth and eventually experience tooth loss. There are other health issues that smokeless tobacco can cause, including leukoplakia, which are white patches that grow in the part of the mouth where users chew or suck the tobacco.
For people who continuously smoke, a dentist may offer a special toothpaste designed for smokers to use with their regular toothpaste. This type of toothpaste is harsher than regular toothpaste and should be used with caution.
For those suffering from periodontal disease, at McBride Dental, we offer gum disease treatments to help the mouth fight off these hazardous issues and keep the mouth healthy. Each treatment varies depending on each individual’s needs. Some individuals may require additional professional dental cleanings while others may not. Some may need antibiotic treatment, scaling, root planning, or gum surgery.
Our main goal is to help our clients restore their healthy gums and teeth so that they can avoid tooth loss or other issues that could require more expensive procedures. If you would like to know more about our gum treatment options, call 760-471-1003 today.