Most Common Oral Diseases Due To Poor Oral Health

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Most Common Oral Diseases Due To Poor Oral Health

Good oral health has an impact on overall health and quality of life. Being orally healthy involves the absence of facial and mouth pain, cancer of the throat or mouth, sores and oral infections, gum disease, decaying teeth, tooth loss, and other related conditions that limit someone’s ability to bite, chew, speak, or smile.

Conditions and Diseases Resulting from Poor Oral Health

San Diego DentistOral diseases are most commonly found in the following forms:

  • Cavities
  • Gum disease
  • Oral cancer
  • Trauma from injuries
  • Hereditary lesions
  • Infections
  • Trauma
  • Noma

Dental Cavities

Just about everyone will have to endure a cavity in at least one of their teeth at some point during their lives. It’s estimated that up to 90% of children and almost every adult alive have or have had dental cavities.

Periodontal Disease

Debilitating gum disease (which can lead to lost teeth) is a problem that an estimated 20% of adults ages 35-44 deal with.

Loss of Teeth

Two of the largest contributing factors to tooth loss include periodontal disease and dental cavities. Losing all of one’s natural teeth is a common problem that affects the elderly in particular. Almost one-third of all people worldwide ages 65-74 are estimated to have no remaining natural teeth.

Cancer of the Mouth

The incidence rate for oral cancer tends to range from 1 in 100,000 to 10 in 100,000 across most countries. Men are somewhat more likely to have oral cancer, as are the elderly and those who come from lower socio-economic status. Alcohol and tobacco are major contributors to oral cancer.

Bacterial, Viral, or Fungal Infections, and HIV

Almost 50% of everyone who is HIV-positive has an oral infection, whether it be of a viral, bacterial, or fungal nature. These tend to manifest early on during the course of HIV infection.

Oro-Dental Trauma

Worldwide, up to 40% of children ages 6 to 12 have been affected by dental trauma resulting from dangerous playgrounds, road accidents, unsafe schools, or violence.


Young children residing in poverty-stricken parts of certain Asian and African countries are prone to a gangrenous lesion called Noma. These kinds of lesions take the form of severe gingival disease and result in the early death of living cells and tissues, referred to as necrosis, in the lips and chin. Children who suffer from Noma often contract other infections as well, such as HIV and measles. Absent adequate treatment, children with these conditions have a 90% mortality rate.

Cleft Lip and Palate

Cleft palate is a type of birth defect that occurs in roughly one of every 600 births. The rate of incidence changes dramatically according to which geographical region and ethnic group one examines.

Risk Factors for Oral Diseases

Tobacco use, an unhealthy diet, and alcohol use are some of the most common risk factors for oral diseases. Of course, poor oral hygiene is another significant risk factor.  

Don’t risk contracting an oral disease. Make an appointment with the office of Dr. Michael McBride today.



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