Those suffering from sensitive teeth may experience painful discomfort while eating ice cream or drinking a hot drink. Brushing and flossing can also be uncomfortable for some individuals. Understanding the potential causes and treatments of sensitive teeth can help individuals gain relief by taking better care of their oral health so that they can live comfortable and confident lives.
Causes of sensitive teeth include tooth decay, fractured teeth, gum disease, worn tooth enamel, cracked teeth, or an exposed tooth root. The reason why all of these causes lead to sensitive teeth is that all of them destroy the protective layer of the tooth, also known as the enamel. The enamel protects the visual part of the tooth, which is the crown. The tooth root, located under the gum line, is protected by the cementum.
When enamel and cementum become worn out, the dentin layer is exposed, which is the part of the tooth that contains microscopic tubules, also known as tiny tubes. As individuals expose their teeth to things with hot or cold temperatures, the sensation seeps into the tiny tubes and activates the underlying nerves and cells, which causes the pain and discomfort.
There are different methods for treating sensitive teeth. One option is using desensitizing toothpaste, which has compounds in it that block the sensation from reaching the tooth’s nerves while its on the tooth’s surface. Individuals have to use the toothpaste multiple times before sensitivity decreases.
Another option is fluoride gel, which a dentist would perform to strengthen the tooth’s enamel and decrease the ability for sensations to reach the nerves. Individuals could also get a crown placed, which is used to correct chipped or cracked teeth. For those who have lost gum tissue from the root of their teeth, they can get a surgical gum graft, which protects the roots and reduces sensitivity. Lastly, individuals can also get a root canal, which is for those who found no success with the other forms of treatment.
Those experiencing tooth sensitivity should schedule an appointment with their dentist to discuss possible treatment options. At McBride Dental, we offer different services to help our patients rid of tooth sensitivity as well as preventative methods to ensure they do not experience such discomfort in the future.
Having a good oral care regimen is the best solution for preventing sensitive teeth. At McBride Dental, we offer a plethora of preventative care services to help our patients reduce their chances of experiencing oral problems in the future, like sensitive teeth.
We advise our patients to remain on track with their annual visits so that we can examine their teeth, perform a deep cleaning, and perform other procedures that we believe will benefit our patients based on their individual needs.
We also provide home care recommendations for our patients to apply in between their appointments with us. If you are in the San Diego area, call our office to schedule an appointment at 760-471-1003