Tooth Development: Understanding the Structure and Formation of Your Teeth

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Tooth Development: Understanding the Structure and Formation of Your Teeth

Understanding the development and formation of teeth could help prevent any future oral issues that could lead to tooth decay, tooth loss, or extensive surgery. Everyone’s teeth begin developing during the fetal stage. Therefore, it’s vital that the mother eats foods containing adequate amounts of calcium, phosphorous, vitamin C, and vitamin D.

Prenatal vitamins also help with providing mothers with the proper nutrients for the fetus’ oral development. There are specific medications that should be avoided, such as tetracycline, because it can cause discoloration of the embryo’s teeth.

Understanding how your teeth develop and what food to avoid is only the beginning step. To ensure the overall health of your smile, contact an experienced California general and family dentist to schedule a checkup.

Main Stages of Teeth Development

Tooth Development: Understanding the Structure and Formation of Your TeethThe teeth undergo four main development stages. The first stage begins when the fetus is about six weeks old. At this stage, the basic substance of the teeth begins to form. The second stage begins when the fetus is about three or fourth months old. This is the stage when the hard tissue surrounding the teeth begin forming. The third stage occurs after the baby is born, which is when the teeth begin pushing through the gums.

The last stage occurs when the primary teeth fall out and the permanent teeth grow in.  Children begin losing their primary teeth at about six years old. If a child’s teeth fail to grow in a year after the expected time, it’s important that a dental professional perform an examination to make sure the teeth are developing properly.

Understanding Tooth Structure

The visible tooth that sticks out of the gum is known as the crown, and the nonexposed part is known as the root, which descends into the gum and jaw. The crown is protected by an outer layer known as the enamel, and right underneath the enamel resides an intermediate layer known as the dentine, which makes up 70% of the tooth.

The dentine can be exposed if the enamel wears out or deteriorates. Dentine covers an inner cavity filled with pulp, which is a vascular nerve tissue. Blood vessels and nerves travel to the pulp via the root canal, which punctures through the root. A layer called cementum surrounds the root and is composed of bony material. As the teeth mature, the root canal eventually closes and conceals the pulp cavity.

Without proper care, each layer of the tooth could begin disintegrating, ultimately leading to tooth loss. Everyone should receive a dental examination at least twice a year in order to prevent or treat any oral issues before they become unbearably painful or require excessive surgery.

San Diego Dental Office

At McBride Dental, we offer preventative care to help our patients maintain the healthy teeth they desire by performing x-rays, deep cleanings, and dental procedures. The main purpose of preventative care is to prevent tooth decay, periodontal disease, and other dental diseases, and we also recommend homecare methods, such as brushing and flossing twice daily, and maintaining a healthy diet. If you want to protect your teeth for the long-term and are looking for a dental office in the San Diego area, call us at 760-471-1003 to schedule an appointment.

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